Ser y Estar

Ser and estar can both be translated as to be.

Ser

Ser is used:

  • for physical characteristics that are permanent, immovable or unchangeable.

    “La mesa es marrón.” (The table is brown).

  • personality and character:

    Él es aburrido.
    (He is boring -a boring person)

  • gender:

    Soy un hombre
    I’m a man

  • to describe nationalities.

    Alessandro es de Italia”
    Alessandro is from Italy

  • to indicate profession and religion.

    Maria es una maestra
    Mary is a teacher

Estar

Estar:
– is used with feelings/moods/emotions:

Estoy contenta con mi vida.
I am happy with my life

  • physical conditions or appearances:

    Yo estoy aburrido.
    I’m (feel) bored.

  • civil state (married, single, divorced, dead)

    Soy casada.
    I’m married.

  • is also used with other verbs to create the present progressive verb tense that ends in “ing”

    Yo estoy caminando a la escuela.

    I am walking to the school

Conjugation

English Español Ser Estar
I am yo soy estoy
You are eres estás
He/She/It is él/ella/usted es está
we are nosotros somos estamos
you are vosotros sois estáis
they are ellos/ellas/ustedes son están
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