Gerund, Continuous present

It’s easy to say someone is doing something, you can use estar with a verb minus the stem plus either ‘ando’ or ‘iendo’.

Estar Verb minus the stem ar ando
Estar Verb minus the stem ir + er iendo

For example to be speaking…
Hablar – ar = habl + ando = hablando

Yo estoy hablando I am speaking
estás hablando You are speaking
El/Ella está hablando He/She is speaking
Nos estamos hablando We are speaking
Vos estais hablando You (plural) are speaking
Ellos/Ellas están hablando They are speaking

Or eating, with the verb Comer
Comer – er = come + iendo = comiendo

Yo estoy Comiendo I am eating
estás Comiendo You are eating
El/Ella está Comiendo He/She is eating
Nos estamos Comiendo We are eating
Vos estais Comiendo You (plural) are eating
Ellos/Ellas están Comiendo They are eating

Or living, with the verb Vivir
Vivir – ir = viv + iendo = viviendo

Yo estoy Viviendo I am living
estás Viviendo You are living
El/Ella está Viviendo He/She is living
Nos estamos Viviendo We are living
Vos estais Viviendo You (plural) are living
Ellos/Ellas están Viviendo They are living

Now you can ask what someone is doing with que the verb hacer, to make/do?

¿Qué estoy haciendo? What am I doing?
¿Qué estás haciendo? What are you doing?
¿Qué está haciendo? What is he/she doing?
¿Qué estamos haciendo? What are we doing?
¿Qué estais haciendo? What are you (plural) doing?
¿Qué están haciendo? What are they doing?

Now try answering the above questions with the below.

I am Estoy trabajando Working
You are Estás comiendo Eating
He/She is Está leyendo Reading
We are Estamos descansando Relaxing
You (plural) are Estais jugando Playing
They are Están caminando Walking


* está / están is a bit like like gusta / gustan with singular / plural